SNOW HILL, Md.- The Worcester County Health Department has learned that a mosquito pool in the Whaleyville area recently tested positive for Eastern Equine Encephalitis.
This is the third positive test for EEE in mosquitoes in Worcester County this year.
Arboviruses, including EEE, are most common during the summer and fall months. The viruses are transmitted by infected mosquitoes and can spread to humans, birds, horses and other animals, according to the health department.
Since mosquitoes can breed in as little as a quarter inch of water, eliminating standing water is critical for the control of mosquito-borne illnesses, the health department said.
The health department also recommends wearing clothing that covers arms and legs when spending time outdoors and to spray clothing with repellents that contain permethrin or DEET.
According to the health department, people with milder illnesses typically recover on their own, although symptoms may last for several weeks. In more severe cases, patients need to be hospitalized.
Signs and symptoms of EEE include fever, headache, irritability, restlessness, drowsiness, vomiting, diarrhea, cyanosis, convulsions and coma. Anyone with possible symptoms of EEE should contact a healthcare provider immediately.
Horse owners can protect their horses from EEE with a vaccine. Owners should contact their veterinarian for information, the health department said.
The Maryland Department of Agriculture will be doing aerial spraying Thursday night in the Whaleyville and surrounding areas, including portions in Wicomico County, covering approximately 6,000 acres.